Perovskite

IV Curve

Our second batch of perovskite solar cells reach an efficiency of 5.5%.

 

Perovskite Materials Photo-anode/cathode Deposition Method HTL/ETL Area ( cm2 ) PCE Year Reference
.. .. .. .. 0 21.02% 2015 Dyesol Limited - EPFL
NH2CH=NH2PbI3 (FAPbI3) TiO2 Spin Coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.36 20.80% 2016 Bi et al. Sci. Adv. 2016;2:e1501170
FAPbI3+MAPbI3 .. .. .. 0.1 20.10% 2015 KRICT
(FAPbI3)0.85(MAPbBr3)0.15 TiO2 (meso-structure) Spin coating no HTM 0.16 18.40% 2015 NATURE COMMUNICATIONS | DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9834
(FAPbI3)1-x(MAPbBr3)x TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating PTAA 0.16 18.00% 2015 Nature 517, 476–480 (22 January 2015)
CH3NH3PbI3 PEDOT:PSS/ITO spin coating PC71BM 0.1 18.00% 2015 Energy Environ. Sci., 2015, 8, 2725--2733
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 one step fast deposition-crystallization Spiro-OMeTAD 0.0314 18.00% 2015 Chem. Lett. 2015, 44, 1750–1752
CH3NH3PbI3 polyTPD/PEDOT:PSS on ITO vapor PCBM 0.065 17.27% 2014 Scientific Reports 4, Article number: 6071 (2014)
CH3NH3PbI3 (from DMSO and HI) TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating PTAA 0.16 17.20% 2015 Adv. Mater. 2015, 27, 3424–3430
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx PEDOT:PSS/ITO Spin coating PCBM 0.1 17.10% 2014 APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS 105, 183902 (2014)
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx PEDOT:PSS/ITO vapor ZnO/PCBM 0.04 16.80% 2015 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 12133–12138
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating po-Spiro-OMeTAD 0.16 16.70% 2014 J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2014, 136 (22), pp 7837–7840
CH3NH3PbI3 C60/PCB one step fast deposition-crystallization CuSCN 0.1 16.60% 2015 Nano Lett. 2015, 15, 3723?3728
CH3NH3PbI3 (from DMSO) TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating PTAA 0.16 16.50% 2014 Nat Mater. 2014 Sep,13(9):897-903
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 (planar thin film)/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD+ LiTFSI+t-BP 0.0625 16.50% 2014 ACS Nano, 2014, 8 (10), pp 9815–9821
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.35 16.41% 2014 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2014, 5, 3931?3936
CH3NH3PbI3 NiMgLiO/FTO Spin coating Ti(Nb)O/PCBM 1.02 16.20% 2015 Science 20 November 2015,350 no. 6263 pp. 944-948
FA0.85Cs0.15PbBr3 TiO2 Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0 16.10% 2016 Chem. Mater. 2016, 28, 284?292
CH3NH3PbI3 SnO2 Spin coating + dipping Spiro-OMeTAD 0.09 16.02% 2015 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 6730?6733
CH3NH3PbI3 - C2H4O (PEG) TiO2 Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.09 16.00% 2016 NATURE COMMUNICATIONS | 7:10228 | DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10228
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2+Al2O3 (meso-superstructure) Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.063 15.90% 2014 Energy Environ. Sci. 7, 1142–1147 (2014)
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2+TiO2 nanoparticles+Al2O3 (scaffold)/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.0625 15.90% 2014 Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7, 1142–1147
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (mesoporous)/TiO2/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.1 15.76% 2015 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 8808–8815
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 (planar thin film)/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD+ LiTFSI+t-BP 0.08 15.70% 2014 Nano Lett. 2014, 14, 3247?3254
CH3NH3PbI3 ZnO (planar thin film) Spin coating + dipping Spiro-OMeTAD 0.071 15.70% 2014 Nat. Photonics 8, 133–138 (2014)
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx graphene- TiO2+Al2O3 (meso-superstructure) Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.063 15.60% 2014 Nano Lett. 14, 724–730 (2014)
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.09 15.50% 2014 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2014, 5, 1096?1102
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2/Al2O3 (meso-superstructure) Spiro-OMeTAD 0.0625 15.50% 2014 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2014, 5, 1511?1515
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 /FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.1 15.40% 2014 Scientific Reports, 4, Article number: 6752 (2014)
CH3NH3PbI3 PEDOT:PSS/ITO Spin coating PCBM/C60/BCP 0.096 15.40% 2014 Adv. Mater. 2014, 26, 6503–6509
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 /FTO Vapor Spiro-OMeTAD 0.076 15.40% 2013 Nature 501, 395–398 (2013)
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx PEDOT:PSS/ITO vapor C60/Bphen /Ca 0.05 15.40% 2014 Adv. Mater. 2014, 26, 6647–6652
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 /FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 1.2 15.30% 2015 Adv. Mater. 2015, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201502586
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2+Al2O3 (scaffold)/FTO Spin coating P3HT/SWNT 0.063 15.30% 2014 Nano Lett. 2014, 14, 5561?5568
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.16 15.20% 2015 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 8178–8184
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.16 15.20% 2015 Energy Environ. Sci., 2015,8, 2946-2953
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx PEDOT:PSS-GeO2 / ITO Spin coating PCBM 0.0725 15.15% 2015 ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2015, 7, 9645?9651
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx PEDOT:PSS/ITO Spin coating Ca/PCBM 0.12 15.12% 2015 Adv. Mater. 2015, 27, 1053–1059
CH3NH3PbI3 PCBM Spin coating PEDOT:PSS/NiOx 0.14 15.10% 2015 J. Phys. Chem. C 2015, 119, 27285?27290
CH3NH3PbI3?xClx TiO2 (meso-structure) Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.026 15.10% 2015 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2015, 6, 4640?4645
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD+ LiTFSI+t-BP 0.09 15.07% 2014 ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2014, 6, 15959?15965
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (mesoporous) Spin coating + dipping Spiro-OMeTAD 0.285 15.00% 2013 Nature 499, 316–319 (2013)
CH3NH3PbI3 Cs2Co3/ITO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.085 15.00% 2014 ACS Nano, 2014, 8 (10), pp 10161–10167
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 /ITO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD on MoO3 0.1 14.90% 2015 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 11940–11947
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2+ZrO2 (mesoporous) Spin coating+blade coating NiO (mesoporous) 0 14.90% 2015 Nano Lett. 2015, 15, 2402?2408
CH3NH3PbI3 PEDOT:PSS/ITO Spin coating PFN-Br/PCBM 0.06 14.52% 2015 ACS Nano, 2015, 9 (1), pp 639–646
CH3NH3PbI3 ZnO/ITO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.07065 14.40% 2014 Nature Photonics 8, 133–138 (2014)
CH3NH3PbI3 PCBM Spin coating PEDOT:PSS 0.096 14.20% 2015 Adv. Mater. 2015,DOI: 10.1002/adma.201501629
HC(NH2)2PbIyBr3-y TiO2 (planar thin film) Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.063 14.20% 2014 Energy Environ. Sci. 7, 982–988 (2014)
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx FTO Spin coating + UVO treatment Spiro-OMeTAD 0.09 14.14% 2015 NATURE COMMUNICATIONS|6:6700
CH3NH3PbI3 PEDOT:PSS/ITO Spin coating PCBM 0.09 14.10% 2014 Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7, 2642–2646
CH3NH3PbI3 PEDOT:PSS Spin coating + Solvent washing PCBM + Bis-C60 0.0314 14.10% 2014 RSC Adv., 2014, 4, 62971–62977
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 /FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.16 13.90% 2014 Angew. Chem. 2014, 126, 1 – 7
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD+ LiTFSI+t-BP 0.126 13.90% 2014 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2014, 5, 2927?2934
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 (planar thin film)/FTO Vapor Spiro-OMeTAD + TFMS 1 13.84% 2015 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 9401
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx Al2O3 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD+ LiTFSI+t-BP 0.09 13.80% 2014 Adv. Funct. Mater. 2014, 24, 6046–6055
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 /FTO Vapor P3HT 0.104 13.70% 2015 APL MATERIALS 3, 016105 (2015)
CH3NH3PbI3 NBP/MoO3/ITO vapor BCP/C60 0.04 13.70% 2015 Organic Electronics 17 (2015) 102–106
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 one step fast deposition-crystallization Spiro-OMeTAD 0 13.60% 2015 Chem. Lett. 2015, 44, 1557–1559
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO glass Spin casting Spiro-OMeTAD 0 13.60% 2014 Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7, 3690–3698
CH3NH3PbI3 ITO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.071 13.50% 2014 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, 136, 17116?17122
CH3NH3PbI3 PEDOT:PSS/ITO Spin coating PCBM/C60/BCP 0.06 13.40% 2014 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2,18508
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 /FTO vapor Spiro-OMeTAD 0.16 13.20% 2015 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2015, 6, 2745?2750
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx OTPD or QUPD on PEDOT:PSS on ITO Spin coating PCBM 0.075 13.06% 2015 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 9291–9297
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx PEDOT:PSS/ITO Spin coating TPPI/PCBM 0.16 13.00% 2015 small 2015, 11, No. 27, 3344–3350
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx Al2O3 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.0625 13.00% 2015 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2015, 6, 432?437
FAPbI3+MAPbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Scr. printing + seq.deposition + dipping ZrO2 + C (meso-structure) 0.5 12.90% 2014 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 17115–17121
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating Fused-F/Spiro-OMeTAD 0.285 12.80% 2014 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, 136, 8516?8519
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.09 12.76% 2015 J. Phys. Chem. C 2016, 120, 42?47
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2+ZrO2 (mesoporous) Spin coating Py-A/Py-B/Py-C/Spiro-OMeTAD 0.16 12.70% 2013 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135, 19087–19090 (2013)
CH3NH3PbI3 Carbon CE+ZrO2+TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2 Spin coating + dipping no HTM 0.13 12.70% 2015 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 1790?1793
CH3NH3PbI3 PEDOT:PSS/ITO Spin coating PCBM/C60 0.0314 12.70% 2014 RSC Adv., 2014, 4, 62971
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx CPE-K on PEDOT:PSS on ITO Spin coating PCBM 0.033 12.51% 2015 Nature Communications 6, Article number: 7348
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 /FTO vapor Spiro-OMeTAD 0.09 12.50% 2015 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 9223–9231
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 /FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.04 12.50% 2014 Chem. Mater. 2015, 27, 562?569
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating CuSCN 0.09 12.40% 2014 Nature Communications 5, Article number: 3834
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 (meso-structure)/ ITO Spin coating doped P3HT 0.04 12.40% 2014 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 13827
CH3NH3Pb(I1-xBrx)3 TiO2 (mesoporous) Spin coating PTAA 0.096 12.30% 2013 Nano Lett. 13, 1764–1769 (2013)
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2+Al2O3 (meso-superstructure) Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.09 12.30% 2013 Energy Environ. Sci. 6, 1739–1743 (2013)
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Inkjet printing Spiro-OMeTAD 0.04 12.30% 2015 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015,3, 9092-9097
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiOx/PEN-ITO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0 12.20% 2015 Energy Environ. Sci., 2015, 8, 916–921
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (planar thin film) vapor-assisted solution process Spiro-OMeTAD 0.12 12.10% 2014 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 622–625 (2014)
CH3NH3PbI3 PEDOT:PSS/ITO Spin coating PCBM 0.0001 12.01% 2014 Chem. Mater. 2014, 26, 5190?5193
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating PTAA unutma 12.00% 2013 Nature Photonics, 7, 486-491 (2013)
CH3NH3PbI3 poly-TPD on PEDOT:PSS/ITO Vapor PCBM 0.98 12.00% 2014 Nature Photonics 8, 128–132 (2014)
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (mesoporous)/FTO Spin coating + Dripping CuSCN 0.25 11.96% 2015 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2015, 6, 881?886
.. .. Spin coating .. 16 11.90% 2015 IMEC
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2+Al2O3 (meso-superstructure)/FTO Spin coating PIL-doped Spiro-OMeTAD 0.08 11.87% 2013 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135, 13538–13548 (2013)
CH3NH3PbI3 ZnO/ITO Spin coating/vapor P3HT 0.07065 11.80% 2014 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 19873–19881
CH3NH3PbI3 PEDOT:PSS/ITO vapor and solution BCP/PCBM 0.09 11.77% 2015 Nanoscale, 2015, 7, 10699
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2+C60SAM (mesoporous) Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD/P3HT 0.09 11.70% 2013 Nano Lett. 13, 3124–3128 (2013)
CH3NH3PbI3 SOHEL/ITO Spin coating PCBM 0.06 11.70% 2014 Adv. Mater. 2014, 26, 6461–6466
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Dipping + printing ZrO2 + C (meso-structure) 0 11.65% 2014 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 9165–9170
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating+Drop Casting Multilayered Graphene 0.15 11.50% 2015 small 2015, 11, No. 19, 2269–2274
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx PEDOT:PSS/ITO Spin coating PCBM 0.1 11.50% 2014 ACS Nano 8, 1674–1680 (2014)
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx PEDOT:PSS/ITO Spin coating PCBM 0.1 11.50% 2014 ACS Nano, 2014, 8 (2), pp 1674–1680
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 /FTO vapor Spiro-OMeTAD 0.06 11.50% 2015 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 14631–14641
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 (planar thin film)/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.09 11.40% 2014 Adv. Funct. Mater. 2014, 24, 151–157
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 (planar thin film) Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.09 11.40% 2013 Adv. Funct. Mater. 24, 151–157 (2014)
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx+Au@SiO2 TiO2+Al2O3 (meso-superstructure) Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.08 11.40% 2013 Nano Lett. 13, 4505–4510 (2013)
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Screen printing + dipping NiO + C (meso-structure) 0 11.40% 2014 Dalton Trans., 2015, 44, 3967–3973
CH3NH3PbI3 ZnO Nanorod/ZnO/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.197 11.13% 2014 J. Phys. Chem. C, 2014, 118 (30), pp 16567–16573
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (mesoporous)/FTO Spin coating no HTM (AlOx for electron blocking) 0.08 11.10% 2014 Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2015, 17, 4937--4944
(CH3NH3PbI3)(CH(NH2)2PbI3) PEDOT:PSS/ITO glass Inkjet printing/spin coating PCBM 0 11.10% 2015 M. Bag et al. / Materials Letters 164 (2016) 472–475
CH3NH3PbI3 PCBM Spin coating PEDOT:PSS/ITO glass 0.1 11.04% 2015 S.H. Chang et al. / Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 145 (2016) 375–381
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating TTF-1 0.09 11.03% 2014 Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7, 2963–2967
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (mesoporous)/FTO Spin coating+candle sooting+dipping C+FTO 0 11.02% 2014 Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7, 3326–3333
CH3NH3PbI3 C60 spin coating sNiOx/TiO2 0 11.00% 2015 Adv. Mater. Interfaces 2015, 2, 1400532
CH3NH3PbI2Cl TiO2/Al2O3 (meso-superstructure) Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.09 10.90% 2012 Science 338, 643–647 (2012)
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx ITO/Graphene oxide Spin coating PCBM/ZnO 0.0725 10.88% 2014 Nanoscale, 2014, 6, 10505
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2+ZrO2 (mesoporous) Spin coating + dipping Spiro-OMeTAD 0.2 10.80% 2013 RSC Adv. 3, 18762–18766 (2013)
CH3NH3PbBr3/CH3NH3PbI3 (tandem) TiO2/PCBM Spin coating P3HT/PTAA/PEDOT:PSS 0.096 10.80% 2015 Adv. Mater. 2015,DOI: 10.1002/adma.201501629
CH3NH3PbI2Cl TiO2 (planar thin film)/ITO Spin coating P3HT 0.05 10.80% 2014 Adv. Mater. 26, 2041–2046 (2014)
CH3NH3PbCl3-xIx PCBM spin coating NiO NCs/FTO 0 10.68% 2015 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 9098–9102
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Seq. deposition + drop coating ZrO2 + C (meso-structure) 0.13 10.64% 2014 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2014, 5, 2160?2164
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2+Al2O3 (scaffold)/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.0625 10.60% 2014 ACS Nano, 2014, 8 (7), pp 7147–7155
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx PEDOT:PSS/FTO vapor PCBM 0.12 10.50% 2015 RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 26175–26180
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (mesoporous)/FTO Seq. Deposition no HTM 0 10.49% 2014 Applied Physics Letters 104, 063901 (2014)
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (mesoporous)/FTO Spin coating + dipping no HTM 0.08 10.47% 2014 ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2014, 6, 9711?9718
TiO2/CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (planar thin film)/FTO Blade coating + dipping Spiro-OMeTAD 10 10.40% 2015 Journal of Power Sources 277 (2015) 286-291
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.1 10.40% 2015 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2015, 6, 4693?4700
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 Nanowires+TiO2/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.07 10.40% 2014 J. Phys. Chem. C 2014, 118, 25878?25883
CH3NH3PbI3 mesoporous TiO2/c-TiO2/FTO Spin Coating, blade and Dip Coating Spiro-OMeTAD 10.1 10.30% 2015 JPS, 2015, 277, 286-291
CH3NH3PbI3 ZnO/ITO Spin coating P3HT 0.0708 10.30% 2015 Chem. Mater. 2015, 27, 4229?4236
CsSnI3-xFx+N719 TiO2 (nanoporous) Injecting CsSnI3?xFx 0.326 10.20% 2012 Nature 485, 486–489 (2012)
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating C (meso-structure)+Graphite 0 10.20% 2014 RSC Adv., 2014,4, 52825-52830
CH3NH3PbI3 Graphene QDs+TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.006 10.15% 2014 J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2014, 136 (10), pp 3760–3763
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (mesoporous) Spin coating + dipping Spiro-OMeTAD 0.16 10.11% 2015 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 9086–9091
CH3NH3PbI3 PEDOT:PSS/ITO Spin coating PCBM 0.04 10.00% 2014 Nanoscale, 2014, 6, 9935
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 (planar thin film)/FTO Vapor Spiro-OMeTAD+ LiTFSI+t-BP 25 9.90% 2014 Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7, 3989
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 (mesoporous)/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 8 9.90% 2015 Adv. Energy Mater. 2015, 5, 1401808
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (mesoporous) Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.207 9.70% 2012 Sci. Rep. 2, 591 (2012)
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (nanorods) Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.215 9.40% 2013 Nano Lett. 13, 2412–2417 (2013)
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 Dropping + Spin coating + dipping no HTM 0 9.40% 2014 APL Mater. 2, 081502 (2014)
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating PDPPDBTE 0.09 9.20% 2014 Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7, 1454
CH3NH3PbI3 PEDOT:PSS/ITO Spin coating PCBM 100 8.70% 2014 Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7, 2642–2646
FAPb(I)3-x(Cl)x TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO glass Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.09 8.70% 2015 Chem. Lett. 2015, 44, 1619–1621 | doi:10.1246/cl.150743
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 /FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.224 8.50% 2014 Nano Lett. 2014, 14, 888?893
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (mesoporous) Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD/P3HT/DEH 0.2 8.50% 2013 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4, 1532–1536 (2013)
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating+blade coating C 0.12 8.31% 2014 ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2014, 6, 16140?16146
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx PEDOT:PSS/ITO Spin coating N2200/ZnO 0.0725 8.15% 2015 ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2015, 7, 3994?3999
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 /FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.09 8.00% 2014 ACS Nano, 2014, 8 (1), pp 591–598
(FAI)-based perovskite (FAPbI3) TiO2/FTO CVD Spiro-OMeTAD 1 7.70% 2015 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 16097–16103
CH3NH3PbI3 PEDOT:PSS/ITO Spin coating PCBM 0.07 7.40% 2014 Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7, 399–407
CH3NH3Sn1–xPbxI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.01 7.37% 2014 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, 136, 8094?8099
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (mesoporous)/FTO Spin coating no HTM 0.12 7.30% 2012 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 17396–17399 (2012).
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx NiO/FTO and CuSCN/FTO vapor PCBM 0.07 7.30% 2014 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2014, 5, 1748?1753
CH3NH3PbBr3 TiO2 Spin coating P3HT/PTAA 0.096 7.20% 2015 Adv. Mater. 2015,DOI: 10.1002/adma.201501629
CH3NH3PbI3 poly-TPD/PEDOT:PSS/AZO/Ag/AZO vapor PCBM 0.12 7.00% 2014 Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7, 994
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Seq. Deposition + Spin coating no HTM (TPB for electron blocking) 0 6.71% 2014 ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2014, 6, 5651?5656
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Dipping + printing ZrO2 + C (meso-structure) 0.5 6.64% 2013 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS | 3 : 3132
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (mesoporous)/FTO Spin coating I?/I?3 0.303 6.54% 2011 Nanoscale 3, 4088–4093 (2011)
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 Spin coating CuSCN 0.07 6.40% 2014 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 12754–12760
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 /FTO vapor Spiro-OMeTAD 0.16 6.20% 2015 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2015, 6, 2745?2750
BaSnO3+N719 BaSnO3/FTO Doctor-blade I?/I?3 0.16 6.20% 2013 ACS Nano 7,1027–1035 (2013)
CH3NH3SnI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.12 6.00% 2014 Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7, 3061–3068
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (mesoporous)/FTO Spin coating CuI 0.09 6.00% 2013 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 758–764 (2014)
CH3NH3SnI3–xBrx TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.01 5.73% 2014 Nature Photonics 8, 489–494 (2014)
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 (planar thin film)/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD or P3HT 16.8 5.10% 2014 Phys.Chem.Chem.Phys., 2014, 16, 3918
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx TiO2 (planar thin film)/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD or P3HT 3.36 5.10% 2014 Phys.Chem.Chem.Phys., 2014, 16, 3918
CH3NH3PbI3 ZnO nanowires/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.2 5.00% 2013 Nanoscale 5, 11686–11691 (2013)
CH3NH3PbI2Br TiO2 Nanowires/FTO Spin coating Spiro-OMeTAD 0.196 4.87% 2013 Nanoscale 5, 3245–3248 (2013)
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating + Hot air drying CuSCN 0.25 4.86% 2014 ChemPhysChem 2014, 15, 1194 – 1200
HC(NH2)2PbI3 TiO2 (mesoporous)/FTO Spin coating + dipping Spiro-OMeTAD 0.2 4.30% 2014 J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 16458–16462 (2014)
CH3NH3Sn0.5Pb0.5I3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating P3HT 0.0016 4.18% 2014 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2014, 5, 1004?1011
CH3NH3PbI3/CH3NH3PbBr3 TiO2 (mesoporous)/FTO Dropping I?/I?3 0.238 3.81% 2009 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 6050–6051 (2009)
CH3NH3PbI3 TiO2 (meso-structure)+TiO2/Steel Dipping + Thermal evaporation+ Drying Spiro-OMeTAD 0.0127 3.30% 2014 Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2014, 53, 10425 –10428
CH3NH3PbI3-xClx PCBM + BCP Spin coating NiO (mes0-structure) 0.09 2.90% 2015 ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2015, 7, 4283?4289
CsSnI3 C60 fullerene + PCBM + BCP Thermal evaporation + Spin casting CuI 0 2.76% 2015 J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 11631–11640
CH3NH3PbBr3 Al2O3 (meso-structure)+TiO2/FTO Spin coating CBP 0.24 2.70% 2014 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2014, 5, 429?433
CH3NH3PbI3 sensitized Mesoporous NiO/ FTO Spin coating PCBM 0.2 1.50% 2014 ChemSusChem 2014, 7, 2150 – 2155
CH3NH3PbBr3 TiO2/Al2O3 (meso-structure)/FTO Spin coating P3HT/PDI/TPD/PCBM 0.03 0.72% 2013 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4, 897–902 (2013)

*Not specified in the paper.
** 0.05 cm^2 single cells in a module of 5*5 cm^2
***Achieved by blade coating.
**** for tandem cells of a-Si:H/c-Si and perovskite
***** 4* 2.5 cm^2 single cells in a module of 10 cm^2
****** 5*3.36 cm^2 single cells in a module of 16.8 cm^2
******* This area is for a module in which the single cells' area has not been mentioned to the date.